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Tables, Figures and Illustrations

Tables,  figures and illustrations must be identified with the word "Table", "Figure", or other appropriate descriptor, and include a title and/or caption.

You must use a consistent format for titles and captions of tables, figures and illustrations throughout the thesis.

  • Lettering in tables and figures should be at least 2 mm high to ensure that the information is easy to read.
  • Tables and figures must have titles or captions, and must be numbered.
  • Headings must be repeated on the second and subsequent pages of tables that split over two pages or more.
  • Tables should be split at an appropriate place, e.g. just before a new subheading.
  • The format for titles and captions of tables, figures and illustrations must be consistent throughout the thesis.

Copyright UBC


Tables, figures, illustrations and other such items must be numbered consecutively in order of appearance within the thesis.

There are two methods for numbering Tables, Figures and other items:

  • Sequentially throughout the thesis, e.g. 1, 2, 3…
  • Chapter number first, then numbered sequentially within each chapter, e.g.:

Tables in Chapter 1: Table 1.1, 1.2, 1.3…

Figures in Chapter 3: Figure 3.1, 3.2, 3.3…

Whichever method you choose, the numbering style must be the same for both Tables and Figures; for example: Table 1.1 and Figure 1.3, or Table 1 and Figure 3, not Table 1 and Figure 1.3.


There are three acceptable locations for tables and figures:

  • Within the chapter immediately following first reference to them.
  • Grouped at the end of the relevant chapter.
  • Grouped at the end of the thesis before the bibliography.

Whichever method you choose, you must be consistent.

If the caption for a figure, table, etc., will not fit on the same page as its accompanying illustration, place the illustration on a separate page.

Use of Colour

You can use colour in tables, figures, and illustrations.

Reproducing and Reducing

Copying and/or reducing the size of figures (e.g. charts, drawings, graphs, photographs, maps, etc.) may make certain images illegible. After reduction, all lettering must be large enough to fulfill the font size requirements, and must be clear and readable.

Last reviewed shim9/6/2017 1:55:27 PM