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Headings and Subheadings


Numbering chapters, headings and subheadings is not mandatory, but the heading levels must be clearly distinguished. If you do number the headings, the numbering must be sequential and accurate. Please use bolding or a larger font to ensure they are easy to find. Italics are not as effective, as they do not reproduce as clearly on a screen.

Capitalization of same-level headings must be consistent. You can use title case or sentence case, but must use the same case for all headings of the same level. This also applies to captions of tables, figures, etc.

Running Headers and Footers

It is not necessary to have running headers or footers in your thesis, other than for page numbers. If you wish, you can use one with chapter titles (and chapter numbers, if applicable), but must be consistent throughout the thesis. Information other than this is not acceptable in a header or footer. The running header must be placed top centre or top right-justified.

Last reviewed shim4/13/2017 2:52:50 PM